How SSL Works and Why You Should Secure Your Site with HTTPS
For most companies, Google’s recommending HTTPS is reason enough to make the switch, but all the same we believe that it’s important to know what both protocols mean, what the difference between HTTP and HTTPS is, and what the advantages and disadvantages are of each option.
What is HTTP, how does it work, and why isn’t it secure?
HTTP, which stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol, is a 15-year-old method for transmitting information across the internet. HTTP is the protocol on which the World Wide Web was built. This protocol works according to a client–server model, as do many other internet protocols. A web browser initiating an HTTP request is called as the client, and the web server that responds to that request is called the server.
What’s HTTPS and how can it secure your website?
HTTPS is an internet communication protocol that keeps any kind of data, including your passwords, text messages, and credit card details, safe while in transit between your computer and the server(s) you’re sending this data to. In short, HTTPS is just a secure version of HTTP: the “S” at the end literally stands for “Secure.” HTTPS keeps your data confidential by using the Transport Layer Security protocol (TSL), frequently referred to as SSL (Security Sockets Layer).
What is an SSL certificate?
SSL is secure certificate that offers three layers of protection: encryption, which means that all data sent between a browser (client) and a website (server) are encrypted so that even if data are stolen or intercepted a hacker won’t be able to decrypt them; data integrity, which guarantees that your data cannot be modified or corrupted during transfer without being detected; and authentication, which verifies whether you are actually communicating with the intended website.
Does my website need an SSL certificate?
Before you make the decision whether to use HTTPS instead of HTTP, we’d like to sum up the major benefits for your website of HTTPS (along with SSL protocol) instead of HTTP:
- Security. All the information that you and your customers transfer to and from your website are encrypted and verified (ensuring data integrity). This provides your business with a baseline of security.
- Trust. While more about physical factors, people feel better doing business with a website that cares about the security of their confidential information. HTTPS and SSL help websites to build trust in their business relationships.
- SEO. Even a minor search engine ranking boost will help users find your website.
We recommend that all new websites use HTTPS. If your website is already built, you can migrate from HTTP to HTTPS, but you don’t necessarily have to right this moment. If you’re interested in getting a new or current website working with HTTPS, You can partner with a Website Design Company. Get started now.